Geologically, rubies and sapphires are the same mineral (corundum). Both are made of alumina and oxygen, but they just differ in color. When a corundum is red, it is classified as a ruby, and when it’s blue, it is called a sapphire.

Ruby gets its name from the Latin word for red, ruber. It is a rare gemstone that comes in red color but can be found in nature with subtle hues of pink, orange, violet, and wine color. Ruby is the birthstone for the month of July and is also used to commemorate the 40th wedding anniversary.

Ruby is prized and cherished, sought after for thousands of years. Ancient cultures believed that it is more precious than Diamonds. Many cultures in the past considered Rubies as symbols of the Sun, wore it as an amulet to ward off pestilence, plague, resolve all disputes, and for protection. For centuries, rubies have been mined, collected, traded, treasured and used in fashion, such as the breastplate of high priests and to adorn weapons. Ruby is known as the gemstone of nobles.

Known around the world for its vibrant blue hue, sapphires can actually be found in every color of the rainbow except red – those would be rubies. Blue sapphires are the most coveted and well-known shade of sapphire gemstones. The blue color of sapphires comes from the mineral titanium being present at the time of crystal formation.

Since medieval times, sapphire has been associated with the majesty and tranquility of the heavens. Because they believed it symbolized heaven, clergy in the Middle Ages wore blue sapphires. Kings and queens wore it to attract wealth and for protection. It was thought by many to dispel evil thoughts and to bring peace and amiability to its wearer as well as ward off illness and overcome poisons. Sapphire is the birthstone for September and the gem of the 5th and 45th anniversaries.

Fresh Picked Jewels offers a wide variety of gemstone jewelry, all handmade using hand-picked high quality beads! Our artisan jewelry is one-of-a-kind, but if you see something you like and would like a specific size or color, please feel free to send us an email! We are happy to create custom jewelry that reflects your unique style.

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